Current distribution grid with various multi-domain and multi-physics components (power, market, weather, buildings, control, communication, software, embedded hardware, sensors, etc.) is an interesting example of cyber-physical system. In this research area, our primary focus is to develop technology and innovative solutions for demand side energy management including: 1) hierarchical, distributed, agent-based control algorithms for commercial/residential/industrial buildings and microgrid, 2) modeling and simulation capability including both cyber and physical components (cyber-physical co-simulation) of the demand side distribution grid, 3) electronic design automation tool design for CPES, etc. The figure below shows an exemplary residential microgrid example
The basic objective of demand side energy management is to match the supply and demand. An example of matching supply and demand during off peak time between 12 AM and 5 AM is shown below. In this example, electricity is stored in various forms, e.g. thermal, chemical (battery), potential energy (pumped-storage hydroelectricity), etc.
The example below shows peak load time between 2 PM and 6 PM when energy price is high and stored electricity may be utilized to match the demand.
Prof. Mohammad Abdullah al Faruque
K. Vatanparvar, M. A. Al Faruque, "Design Space Exploration for the Profitability of a Rule Based Aggregator Business Model Within a Residential Microgrid", accepted to be published in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid (TSG), November, 2014. download pdf
K. Vatanparvar, Q. Chau, M. A. Al Faruque, M. A. Al Faruque: "Home Energy Management as a Service over Networking Platforms", accpted to be published in IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT'15), Washington DC, USA, 2015. (Premier conference in IEEE PES smart grid)download pdf
M. A. Al Faruque, F. Ahourai : "GridMat: Matlab Toolbox for GridLAB-D to Analyse Grid Impact and Validate Residential Microgrid Level Energy Management Algorithms", accepted to be published in IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT'14), Washington DC, USA, Pages: xxx- xxx, February 2014. (Premier conference for smart grid rsesearch)
F. Ahourai, I. Huang, M. A. Al Faruque: "Modeling and Simulation of the EV Charging in a Residential Distribution Power Grid", accepted to be published in IEEE Green Energy and Systems Conference (IGESC'13), California, US, November 2013.
M. A. Al Faruque, F. Ahourai : "A Model-based Design of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems", accepted to be published in IEEE/ACM 19th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC'14), Singapore, January 2014.
F. Ahourai, M. A. Al Faruque: " Grid Impact analysis of a Residential Microgrid under Various EV Penetration Rates in GridLAB-D", Technical Report, TR 13-08, July 2013.
M. A. Al Faruque, L Dalloro, S. Zhou, H. Ludwig, G. Lo: "Managing Residential Level EV Charging Using Network-as-Automation Platform (NAP) Technology", in IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference (IEVC'12), South Carolina, USA, Pages: 1-6, March, 2012.
M. A. Al Faruque, A. M. Canedo: "Intelligent and Collaborative Embedded Computing in Automation Engineering", in IEEE/ACM Design Automation and Test in Europe (DATE'12), Dresden, Germany, Pages: 344-355, March, 2012.
M. A. Al Faruque, Mohsen A. Jafari, H. Ludwig, L. Dalloro, M. E. Haque, "Electric Vehicle Load Management", US20130046411A1, Full Patent Filling Date: 08/13/2012, Full Patent Publication Date: 02/21/2013.
M. A. Al Faruque, H. Ludwig, L. Dalloro, "Aggregator-based Electric Microgrid for Residential Application Incorporating Renewable Energy Sources", US20130046668A1, Full Patent Filling Date: 19/10/2011, Full Patent publication Date: 02/21/2013
G. Lo, M. A. Al Faruque, H. Ludwig, L. Dalloro, B. R. Contrael, P. Terricciano "Network as Automation Platform for Collaborative E-car Charging at the Residential Premises", US20120235646A1, Full Patent Filling Date: 09/09/2011, Full Patent Publication Date: 09/20/2012
We have developed various electronic design automation tools for the CPES. Some of those tools are open-sourced in the following links: